The Kara te (空手 literally “empty hand”) – is a martial art developed in the Ryukyu Islands in Okinawa, Japan. It was developed on the basis of indigenous methods influenced by Chinese forms of combat. Karate develops a form of defense with his bare hands, without the use of weapons, although in local practices Okinawan such as Kobud, traditional weapons are used (Bo, Tonfa, Sai, Nunchaku, Kama), which are instruments linked to the rural world. The Dō (道 literally the “Way”), is the way to follow to learn the martial art, which includes the personal knowledge and self assessment and control one’s own body (body and mind). The Karate has developed since the beginning of 1700, borrowing Chinese traditions, with Masters native of Okinawa, who have given life and form to schools and styles (Shotokan, the most widespread, Shito Ryu, Wado Ryu, Goju Ryu, Kyokushinkai and others). Currently Karate is practiced in sport version (sometimes having established a competitive western results-oriented competitive game, with the loss of the spirit and philosophy component of this martial art) and in traditional martial arts for inner growth and personal defense. In the past, this discipline has been studied and practiced only by men, but over the centuries, the practice has spread among women.
The Shotokan Karate-Do and Master Gichin Funakoshi-founder of the Shotokan school
The codification of modern Karate-Do Shotokan came in 1922, when the Japanese Ministry of Education invited Master Gichin Funakoshi to Tokyo for a demonstration. After the Second World War, Okinawa became an important United States military site; the Master Funakoshi was invited by the army to prove the effectiveness of Karate, so that became popular among soldiers stationed in Japan.
The Shotokan Karate guiding principles are summarized in the so-called dojo kun. Dojo kun is composed as a set principles, recited at the end of each training session in most styles, intended to frame the practice within an ethical context.
The five rules are:
一、人格 完成に 努める こと
hitotsu, jinkaku kansei ni tsutomeru koto
• Seek perfection of character
hitotsu, makoto no michi wo mamoru koto
• Be Faithful
hitotsu, doryoku no seishin wo yashinau koto
hitotsu, reigi wo omonzuru koto
• Respect others
hitotsu, kekki no yū wo imashimuru koto
• Refrain from violent behaviour
EurethicsTraining Academy approach to Karate Shotokan
Eurethics focuses on the education through sport and cultural aspects of Karate Shotokan and its origins as well as on relations with other Karate styles. Eurethics’ approach is non-dogmatic and open in studying and understanding all the main Shotokan Schools, Association and Federations, lead by Japaneese and Internationally recognised Head Masters. Eurethics elaborates an educational standard according to the European Qualification Framework, including training credits and learning outcomes based on knowledge, skills and competence.